The History of Marijuana

Excavations by Christian missionaries revealed thousands of opium poppies growing on local temples in China. Throughout the Middle Ages, Irish black pepper (in addition to other herbs and spices) was used as a cure-all for nausea, diarrhea and diarrhea induced by anything from malaria to tuberculosis. In the 19th century, cannabis products were used in teas in Western Australia and Canada to treat a number of ailments including dysentery, bronchitis, tuberculosis, ” amongst other things.”

Cannabis hydrocarbons were used to treat wood chewing foot by G. E. Hart in 1902. In 1907, Dr. J. G. Bolton proposed the use of cannabis as a disulfiram herbal shampoo. In 1930, Babe Billingser of the Fitcheene Academy published activities using cannabis to treat anxious, nervousness, convulsive attacks, dark urine, and nervous spike in children. Cannabis was used in psychedelic therapy by Ernest B. Tournier and Alan Group in The Psychedelic Experience (1953).

In the late 1940’s, Thomas C. Hallihan of the Facilitating Telepaths Project began to research the therapeutic potentials of cannabis. The oral levonantradol section was published in January of 1941 followed by the publication of The Transpersonal Language (1943), in which other teleport- related practical techniques were detailed. In a 1947 study, Hallihan found that, “the ingestion of cannabis has a considerable therapeutic effect on certain psychological phenomena, both perceptual and cerebral in type.” He also went on to report that: Reports of the therapeutic effect of cannabis are proving valuable in providing to psychoanalysts the means of communicating with certain types of patients and in stimulating the work of many non-psychotic laymen and women by way of elucidating the meaning of their experiences…

For recent years the use of cannabis has been studied and the psychological significance of it widely commented upon by scores of psychologists in various countries. The side effect problems inherent in its use are being often reported by medical experts.  Hallihan was joined by Dr. Albert KR Vincent (1908-1974) who was a pioneer in the use of local anesthetics in psychoactive research. He served on the faculty at the University of Pennsylvania and condensed the findings of research through his universal control literature. Vincent was put in charge of the hallucinogenic operations of Rutgers University. It is among Vincent’s early work that we find one of the earliest references to tetrahydrocannabinol as the active ingredient in marijuana.

The use of cannabis was reached from more than 1,000 years ago to the late 1980’s. By 1977, it had been used therapeutically for over a century of psychotherapy in the Multidisciplinary Association of Psychedelic Studies. In that time the use of cannabis improved the lives of millions. The US Surgeon General’s report of 1992 on their findings on the biomedical effects of cannabis was titled A Report of the Advisory Committee on Marijuana and Toxicologic Effects. They found that it significantly reduces the rate of hospitalization for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), promote gas exchange, and has a defined list of signaling molecules that facilitate autonomic, cardiovascular, respiratory, and hormonal systems in the body. Chronic smoking of marijuana was not associated with smoking-related illnesses and smoking could reduce urges to seek tobacco. In addition, marijuana use is associated with reduced incidence of lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and cancers of the oral cavity, throat, larynx, upper aerodigestive tract, and female breast. The most commonly reported adverse effects in a survey of users were: anxiety, fear/anxiety, restlessness, loss of appetite, that singe eyes somewhat, nausea, depressed mood, loss of memory, difficulty think focus/ concentration, and paranoia.

Marijuana is an escape from reality, so thinking too deeply about the experiences of others can lead to paranoia. Pot-smoking induces an altered state that is characterized by intensified physical activity (paired with increased heart rate), heightened senses (bright lights, intense sounds), retinal changes (especially appearing lighter on retinas with increased visual acuity and higher density), decreased mental and emotional acuity (difficulty writing), and a diminished capacity for appreciation.